How to Dissolve an LLC in Florida | LLC Closing Guide

Starting a Florida LLC is one of the best decisions that a person can probably make if he wants to start his business. Still, some situations in which either the person cannot handle his business or wants to shut it down. In such conditions, the business entity has to dissolve its LLC officially. Now to dissolve the LLC, one needs to go through three essential steps, much fewer than the steps of going through how to start an LLC.

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A compliant dissolution involves following the operating agreement created upon formation of the LLC, closing tax accounts, and filing the articles for dissolution. But before this, most people wonder why do they need to dissolve their LLC. If you also have any such questions and want to know in detail the process of dissolving your firm, you should read the following.

How to Dissolve an LLC in Florida

There comes a time when a business has to cease operation for some reason. As such, it is necessary to do the closure property by filling a dissolution with the states. Here are the steps:

Step 1: Use Florida LLC Operating Agreement As Guide

When you have started an LLC as a business entity, then there is an operating agreement that is formed. There are complete details of how the company will function and grow in that operating agreement, which acts as a comprehensive guide. But there is also a dissolution process, which is added to your agreement by the best LLC service you must have chosen. The common steps that almost every LLC follows are:-

First of all, there will be voting among the LLC members for dissolving in the dissolution meeting. If the majority is with the YES, then the process goes into legal proceedings.

  • All the dissolution votes will be noted down and recorded with the meeting minutes or a consent form.
  • After that, a formal date for dissolving the LLC will be decided.
  • The next step is counting the asset available in LLC and dividing them among the stakeholders and members accordingly.
  • After that, the business’s creditors are notified, and the debts of the business are settled.

This is a general process. However, it is strongly recommended to seek professional help to avoid any complications when it comes to terminate an LLC. Following are the top 5 best LLC service providers in the USA. All of these below-mentioned services not only help you to form your LLC but also will guide you through to dissolve it.

Step 2: Close Tax Accounts

Every action that an official business takes is legally bound to some minimum business taxes, and for that, various accounts are maintained by the state government with the help of various departments. You should consider all the taxes that you have paid for the duration of operation of your LLC and make a list of them. 

Then, you must contact all of the government entities and clear the amount of tax that is due until the date that you have decided for dissolution. All the taxes must be paid in advance so that you don’t face any issues in the further process of shutting down your LLC.

Some of the common taxes that limited liability companies have to pay are:

  • unemployment insurance tax
  • employee withholding tax if the LLC has or had employees in their LLC
  • if LLC uses to sell taxable goods, they are also liable to pay the sales and use tax

Most of these taxes are normally filed, but some departments require official paperwork, without which it is impossible for the business to close accounts. That is why the LLC owner should go through the sales tax guide and hire an accounting service. If you want to do the accounting yourself or make accounting easy, try FreshBooks or QuickBooks.

Step 3: File Articles of Dissolution

There is a list of voluntary forms that you, as an LLC owner, have to file. Once these articles are filed, the legal existence of the LLC will be over. The process of filing the articles is straightforward and is discussed below.

  • First of all, the person has to jump into the Secretary of State Website of Florida state.
  • In that particular SOS website, the LLC owner has to look for the Domestic LLC Articles of Dissolution page.
  • There is a form available on this page, which is basically the article of dissolution you are looking for. You have to download that pdf form and start filling it.
  • You must fill in all the important and legal information in the form, so you should be extra careful.
  • After filling in all the important information, you must choose the mode of payment you want to use to pay the LLC dissolution fees.
  • After filling in every detail, one should submit the form through email and make a payment.

The LLC you owned is dissolved, and you are free from all the liabilities linked with the LLC and its taxes. A copy of both original articles and recorded articles should be submitted in front of the probate judge. Now it’s his call that he accepts your expedited dissolutions or not.

Other Things to Note When Dissolving Your LLC

After the dissolution processes, there are some other chores that the owners of LLC need to take care of. These are as important as the process of actual dissolution. Otherwise, the name and fame earned by LLC may be ruined within seconds. These processes include tasks related to the monetary division of assets and clearing every record both legally and monetarily.

Winding Up

There are some purposes of LLC that require some attention even after dissolution, known as winding up. The task of winding up includes.

  • For a period of time, the property of business requires preservation.
  • If there is any civil case against the LLC, then one needs to prosecute them.
  • Winding up includes settling all the disputes of LLC.
  • Transferring of all the property of LLC to the names of partners.
  • Discharging of all the liabilities that the LLC owes to others.
  • Proper distribution of all the assets into members according to their percentage of partnerships.

Tax clearance

If you are dissolving your LLC in Florida, you are not required to obtain any tax clearance. Your task of dissolution will complete even without your tax clearances. But if you are filing the federal taxes, you should go through the final return box in your IRS form. 

The IRS form for the LLC that are classified as partnerships is 1065, and those LLC’s who have registered themselves as corporate should check IRS form number 1120.

Cost of Dissolving LLC

If you want to dissolve the LLC registered with Florida, then there is a fixed cost that you have to bear. The fees charged by the government are $25, the details which are mentioned on the second page of the article’s dissolution filing form. You are given plenty of choices to make this payment.

  • You can select a payment pick-up option.
  • There is an option of direct account transfer through your prepaid accounts.
  • LLC owners can also use their Credit cards, providing their complete details and types. Along with that, an original signature is required to authorize the transaction state will make.

Why Dissolve Florida LLC?

Having a business is the best practice, and with that, we can earn good fortune easily. But what about the time when it is not incurring any profits anymore? That would be really bad, and no one wants to experience losses. So when there are losses, the only solution is dissolving the company properly. Though it is not just the losses, there are many other reasons. Want to know why someone would want to dissolve an LLC in Florida? Check here!

  • The disagreement of the partners on an essential aspect of business can be it. 
  • The increasing debts and liabilities of the business can cause dissolution. 
  • Many times the goal of the business is achieved, and that is what causes the dissolution. 
  • If a partner or the owner dies, the rest can dissolve and make a new company. 

Top Businesses in Florida!

When someone wants to travel, they always think about Florida. That is why the main reason for the growth in tourism in Florida, and it contributes $85.9 billion to GDP. Just like that, other industries are impacting the GDP too. Those industries are the ones that people like to invest in. If someone wants to start an LLC in Florida, they can go for those industries. Here they are,

  1. Aerospace and aviation: If we talk about the annual impact of the industry, it made a more significant impact on GDP. More than 16,000 workers are working in the sector. And the amount totaled to be $175 billion from aviation-related activities. It is such an important sector, and without that, it is not possible to have a good economy for Florida.
  2. Agriculture: There are a lot of employment needs in the state. But if there were no sector like agriculture, the unemployment rates would be so high. Just like that, Florida not only contributes $131 billion to GDP but also provides jobs to 1.4 million people. So yes, agriculture sure does contribute the most to the economy of most states.
  3. International trade: Export is an essential aspect in many states, and Florida is one of the largest ones. The total amount that the industry made was $56 billion, and it might seem like a smaller amount, but it isn’t. The total export from Florida represented GDP, and it was 5.5%.

Florida LLC Dissolution Review

Time needed: 1 hour and 30 minutes.

Here’s a recap of the steps you must follow when dissolving your Florida LLC. Click on the steps in this list if you want to read the full detail.

  1. Use Florida LLC Operating Agreement As Guide

    Remember that when you started, you created an operating agreement. Use this agreement as a guide in proceeding with the dissolution of your LLC.

  2. Close Tax Accounts

    Make sure you close all your tax accounts to avoid incurring further costs.

  3. File Articles of Dissolution

    File the article of dissolution to make it known your the state where your LLC operates that you are indeed no longer in business.

F.A.Qs

Is there any filing fee the LLC owner has to pay for dissolving their LLC?

Yes, there a minimal fee of $25, which Florida SOS charges
to dissolve the legally registered LLC and proceed with removing their name from every tax list and benefits.

Is the revenue department clearance required for dissolution?

No, there is no requirement of revenue department clearance till the time the SOS of Florida accepts the dissolution form.

Can someone else take the name I use for my LLC?

The name will also get deregistered with the dissolution of the LLC. But the name will not be allotted for the next 120 days. After that, if some business wants to name their LLC after the name chosen by you, then it is their choice.

Are there any financial penalties if I don’t dissolve my LLC legally and miss the reports?

If you have not dissolved your LLC, you are liable for business privilege tax, and if it is not paid on time, you are leveraged with 10% of the amount of tax or $50. After that, the additional penalties will increase by $1 per month. If it goes unpaid for a longer duration, then the chances of seizing your property are also possible to recover the tax.

Is there any fees of the probate judge who is taking the dissolution decisions?

Yes, if you are dissolving your LLC, you have to pay some amount to the probate judge who was also present during your LLC formation in the probate office. The minimum fee of the judge is $50, which can vary. 

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