LLC Operating Agreement Montana | The Complete Guide

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Starting an LLC may involve filing articles of organization with the state and establishing internal ground rules for how your business should operate. Establishing your credibility as a legal entity is a part of the plan.

Every Montana LLC is encouraged, but not required, to have an operating agreement to safeguard the company’s operations, from organization to dissolution. It ensures that all LLC members understand their roles and responsibilities. This page guides you in making a Montana operating agreement.

Montana LLC Operating Agreement Content

An operating agreement is a legal document detailing the LLC’s organizational structure and operational procedures. Topics not restricted to a single member or multi-member LLC will be covered. While these provisions might not influence day-to-day operations, they must be included for legal reasons.

  • Ownership: The operating agreement details who the members are and how ownership is divided, be it a sole proprietorship or LLC. Sole proprietorship refers to a single person with total control over a business, also known as a single-member LLC. Multi-member LLC members can have either equal or varying ownership interests.
  • Management: Your LLC could be member-managed or manager-managed. The former means members can decide regarding contracts with third parties; the latter means only designated managers can do so. Using “manager-managed” instead of “hands-on” can reduce administrative work. Management’s authority is also limited in the Operating Agreement. 
  • Voting: Define each owner’s voting rights and voting thresholds, such as a majority vote, supermajority vote, and unanimous consent. A variety of approvals are needed for each type of decision.
  • Changes in Membership Structure: If someone leaves the company, how will roles and ownership be transferred? A member buyout and/or replacement procedure must be outlined in the LLC’s governing document.
  • Contributions: All types of contributions are accepted. In order to fund their ownership interests, members will have to invest in the collective funds.
  • Equity Splits: Determine equity for each member, taking into consideration things like their contributions, responsibilities, and fairness. Maintaining fairness in your equity split will help prevent future disagreements.
  • Transfers: You may want to consider outlawing transfers of ownership interests without the consent of all owners. It’s always a good idea to include permitted transfers, such as first refusal, drag-along rights, tag-along rights, and estate planning transfers.
  • Business Restrictions: To protect the privacy of the company, including confidentiality obligations. You may also ban the owners from owning competing businesses.
  • Intellectual Property: Detail; the ownership of intellectual property created by members. Make sure all company-created intellectual property is owned by the company. You can find alternative ownership/license structures if necessary. 
  • Taxation: Determine how you will be taxed and plan accordingly. Remember, however, that you must file an LLC annual report and might be required a sales tax. 
  • Guaranteed Payments: Determine if any of the members should receive Guaranteed Payments, which are like a salary, particularly if your LLC is taxed as a partnership.
  • Distribution & Dividends: Explain to all members how the funds will be allocated. A pass-through entity will impose tax distributions regardless of profit distributions.
  • Dissolution: The LLC should be dissolved if all members elect to cease operations. It is important to identify how you will end your business in your operating agreement.

Note that the operating agreement, though not a legal requirement in most states, is vital in the operation of your LLC. Should your members have issues with the business, you can deal with it with guidance from the operating agreement.

Get Help from a Registered Agent

Developing an operating agreement could be tedious at times. Besides, since it deals with how your business operates, then it would be best to have professionals help you with it to make sure you get everything right. Getting help from registered agents would be your best bet. Here are three of our best LLC services that can provide you with registered agents to free you of worries:

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Importance of a Montana LLC  Operating Agreement

Montana does not require you to draft an operating agreement if you have an LLC. Most states need their business entities to incorporate an agreement in the order it is simple for them to check out the structure of their business. You can bypass this process in Montana and the LLC is not subject to any legal penalties.

This step is essential to ensure that your LLC to be protected from any disputes or misunderstandings. This article will explain why LLC owners need to make an agreement.

  • To protect the company: Basically the operating agreement defines the rules for an LLC. The operating agreement defines the rules for LLC. If members are unable or unwilling to follow the rules and regulations, the government will run the LLC. The agreement will safeguard the LLC from government rules and provide other benefits.
  • It makes the LLC appear credible when investors research businesses, they look to determine how professional the company is. The operating agreement makes the LLC professional. It indicates to members that they care about the business. They would like all rules and regulations to be legally binding. This can help attract more investors and increase the growth of the business.
  • To confirm the status of an LLCs: LLCs, which are widely known for having limited liability status, can’t be misinterpreted by the government if they’ve defined the term in their operating agreements. Because it is very easy to misunderstand a one-member LLC with a sole proprietorship, but an operating agreement can demonstrate that they are distinct.
  • To settle any conflict: Future conflicts could result from distributions or decisions. Operating agreements outline the requirements, processes and guidelines for the company’s members. In this way, when there is a need to complete a task, they can just check the details from the agreement and get on with the task.
  • LLC flexibility is possible thanks to Limited Liability Companies. Operating agreements are what allows these LLCs to be of such a nature. Operating agreements are a way to prove that the LLC is legitimate. allows the LLC to be completely free of charge and that is the reason it is so important.
  • In order to open business accounts, it’s necessary for the owner to keep an exact copy. If the business does not have this, it will be difficult to open a bank accounts.

F.A.Qs

Does Montana require an operating agreement?

In order to clearly state the purpose of a business as well as its ownership interests, a written operating agreement is strongly advised in Montana.

What if an LLC has no operating agreement?

You and other members of the LLC will be unable to reach any agreements if you do not have an operating agreement. Even worse, your LLC must follow the state’s default operating conditions.

Can I write my own operating agreement?

It is required by law in California, New York, Maine, and Missouri, but it is not in Montana. Although it is not legally required, creating a written agreement is strongly advised. You may self-notarize and distribute the documents.

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