How to Form an LLC in Maine | Guide on Maine LLC

Forming an LLC (Limited Liability Company) in Maine is easy and affordable. The following are few procedural steps on how to start a Maine LLC. LLCs can be formed in two ways, domestic and/or foreign. If you are planning to set up an LLC in states other than Maine, visit How to Start an LLC.

Maine LLC

Why an LLC in Maine

With a GDP of $56.8 billion, Maine has gained large popularity lately. Apart from the growing economy, the state has currently active LLCs in manufacturing industries, art, education, management, and some more industries. The main advantages of starting an LLC in this state are as follows,

Creditors can get some silent rights 

The very first benefit of the LLC in Maine is that all the creditors get some silent rights under section 1573. It means that any creditor who is providing funds to the member of an LLC then they will be given interest on the basis of the charging order. The creditor has all the rights to revive, and if in case that creditor doesn’t claim that silent rights, it will be provided to the member.

Formation of LLC is easy

When one is going to Start an LLC in Maine, then they have to file many documents. But in Maine, there is an act under which one doesn’t need to give their partners’ names in the papers. The name of members and the managers is required to be attached with the annual report only. 

This way, the LLC member has a person who can file all the forms on behalf of their LLC, and they don’t have to go through hectic procedures. This person can be some legal authority or some other business also.

Duration of the LLC 

When an LLC has formed in the Maine state, then the time duration for which that LLC will exist is perpetual. It means that no matter whether the founding member of the LLC is alive or not, the LLC will be registered and keep functioning for a more extended period of time.

Freedom of selection 

There is a freedom of selection in the Maine LLC with the help of which one can create the voting and non-voting members. Along with that, they can also customize the members who can contribute to their profits and loss. It will help in setting the LLC on a path of success. 

Moreover, when a contract is made, then it is allowed to LLC to make changes in them easily. According to the Government Acts, one can easily make changes in proportion and tailor the risk and profit percentages as part of the smooth and better management system.

How to Start a Maine LLC

Suppose you’re planning to invest in some profitable business or maybe about to set up your business in Maine. In that case, forming a Maine LLC is the simplest option for you.

An LLC or a Limited Liability Company a hybrid business entity combining a corporation’s characteristics with a partnership or sole proprietorship. This section gives you a step-by-step guide on How to Start an LLC in Maine. 

Step 1: Decide a Name for Your LLC

If you are to start an LLC in Maine, the first thing you do is decide on a business or company name, and how to name your LLC in Maine may be tricky. Thus, you have the option to choose a name that complies with the Maine business naming requirements. It must also be easily searchable for potential clients. Here is a step-by-step guide to follow when naming your Maine LLC. 

Why do you need a proper business name?

If you want your LLC to have special identification, your company name is essential. However, many people face lots of issues by avoiding focus on choosing a business name for their LLC business formation filings.

Because of this, here are some of the major benefits of choosing the best Maine LLC corporate names.

  • To help establish a company’s presence in the market, a proper business entity type will help you. This also creates a new identity that will resemble your LLC.
  • After you’ve properly chosen the name for your LLC, you will have no problems finishing the registration process.
  • You can only get the EIN number when you have your name registration certificate with you.

What are the requirements when deciding a name for your LLC? 

name search is vital to make sure your business’ name is unique. Check the availability of your name with Business Entity Search on the Maine Secretary of State’s website. Reserve the name by completing the Name Reservation Request Form for Domestic Entities.  

  • Don’t include words that could confuse people about your company. Words like ‘treasury, state department.’
  • You should also avoid restricted words like ‘bank, attorney, university,’ because they may require a lawyer and more paperwork.
  • As for a business website and your URL name, check if your name is still available for domain use with NameCheap.

Reserve a business domain

Even if you don’t have plans to set up a website today, it will help if you buy a domain to avoid others from using your name for their website, so do visit NameCheap for your domain name and Kinsta for web hosting.

If you have decided on your URL name and have reserved it, set up a professional email account with Google GSuite.  

Step 2: Assign a Registered Agent in Maine

A registered agent, or business entity, is a person that will act or work on your behalf. This person or business will receive significant tax forms, legal documents, a notice of lawsuits, and other official government correspondence in Maine. Choosing Maine-registered agents for your LLC is required. 

Make sure your registered agents are residents of Alabama. It could also be a business. Here are the recommended agents and employees for you:

These five LLC formation services are recommended agents’ registered services as they are authorized to conduct business in Maine. Compare them to check the best yet cheapest option for you. Besides, they can guarantee you professional service because they have been in the business for years. 

Step 3: File Certificate of Formation in Maine

A Certificate of Name Reservation is needed to file a Certificate of Formation, as other states call it. You need to make reports of this certificate with the Maine Secretary of State, which costs $175. You may file them online or by mail. 

This Certificate of Formation is a legal document needed to form your business officially. It will indicate details about your LLC in Maine, like if it is a member-managed or managers-managed

Before you start filings, you must already have your Maine LLC name and registered agents or employees. You will attach a copy of your Name Reservation Certificate along with a list of the services that your Maine LLC will offer.

How to File by Mail

If you prefer filing real-life forms for your Indiana LLC registration, then you can download the Maine Limited Company Certificate of Formation. Read the forms thoroughly and fill them out. It will have to fill, among others,  your name, city, state, zip code, and signature. 

Step 4: Create Your Maine LLC Operating Agreement

An operating agreement is a document that legally outlines the proprietorship and operating procedures of your LLC This document is vital as it ensures that all business owners are on the same page regarding how they operate, thus reducing future conflicts. 

Starting an LLC in Maine does not require you to have an operating agreement, but it is ideal to have one that contains all your details of business operation.

Step 5: Filing a Maine LLC EIN

The Employer Identification Number or, simply, the E.I.N. is a nine-digit number given by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to make it easier to identify types of business for tax purposes. It is like a Social Security number dedicated to a business. 

It is also called a Federal Employer Identification Number (FEIN) or a Federal Tax Identification Number (FTIN). You will need this number for taxation filing and to determine tax classification options.

Mail to:

Internal Revenue Service

Attn: EIN Operation

Cincinnati, OH 45999

Fax: (855) 641-6935

Fee: Free

After Starting your Maine LLC 

After forming your LLC, there are still some things that you will need. Take note of the following:

  • Get a company business account
  • File Maine business permits & licenses
  • Get liability for business insurance with coverage for employees
  • File a Maine LLC annual report or biennial report
  • Already existing LLCs that wish to operate in Maine must register as a foreign Maine LLC.   

This page has provided you with steps to LLC formation and filing processes. You now have to remember upcoming filing deadlines and filing fees or filing costs, including fees for late filings to make sure your LLC is up-to-date.  

Get To Know The Top 3 Businesses Of Maine State

Maine is known as one of the best states in terms of providing the best business environment. That is why new entrepreneurs are taking a decision to form an LLC in Maine. But before you take any further action in your LLC, you should know which the state’s most profitable industries are. Also, note the contribution that they have made towards the GDP of Maine. So, here is the list of the best ones.

Healthcare Business

It is noticed that the contribution of the healthcare sector of Maine to its economy is $10 billion in 2016, which is intended to increase in net years. The healthcare centers or we can say hospitals, have employed more than 35,000 people, which is roughly 8% of the total population that allows, which makes it one of the largest institutions around the state.

Shipbuilding Business

From the 18th century, shipbuilding has started in Maine State and has been a leading producer of wooden ships during World War 1. Now there are more than 200 companies in the state which builds all range of boats and yachts no matter what you require. Moreover, they are also making ships for military, commercial purposes like battleships, cruisers, destroyers, etc.

Tourism

With the beautiful coastlines and American history present in the state, Maine has also become a tourist spot. The tourism sector’s contribution to the state GDP is near $10 billion and pays a tax of $600 million to the state. Moreover, other industries like restaurants, agriculture, and fisheries are also supported by tourism as tourists spend money in these sectors, which makes it a savior of other sectors too.

Some small businesses that have flourished well in Maine are:-

  • Coffee shops
  • Dairy and poultry farms
  • Hotel online advertisements

Maine LLC Formation Review

Time needed: 1 hour and 5 minutes.

To recap, here are the easy steps again when forming an LLC in Maine. Click on the steps in this list to read the full detail.

  1. Name your Maine LLC

    The first thing you must do is to choose a company name, which should include the phrase “limited liability company,” or one of its abbreviations (LLC or L.L.C.).
    name llc

  2. Choose a registered agent

    In Maine, it is mandatory to select a registered agent for your LLC. You can check out our list of our 5 Best LLC Services in the United States.
    get registered agent

  3. File a formation certificate

    Filing a formation certificate is necessary when forming an LLC. Depending on the state, it could be called any of the following: Certificate of Formation, Articles of Organization, or Certificate of Organization.
    file formation certificate

  4. Create operating agreement

    An operating agreement is not a strict requirement but something encouraged when you start an LLC.
    create operating agreement

  5. Get an EIN

    The Employer Identification Number (EIN), also called  Federal Tax Identification Number, serves to identify a business entity like a social security number but for a company.
    get an ein

F.A.Qs

What is the difference between ‘domestic LLC’ and ‘foreign LLC’?

A “domestic LLC” is one that conducts business in a state where it was formed. Meanwhile, a “foreign LLC” is an existing LLC that extended business to another state.

What do I need for Domestic and Foreign LLCs?

For Domestic LLCs, it is vital to have a Certificate of Name Reservation and Certificate of Formation. For the foreign LLCs, you must have a Certificate of Good Standing.

Is the cost to form an LLC the same across states?

The cost to form an LLC varies per state.

Does an LLC need to use a DBA?

Seldom do L.L.C.s use D.B.A. or a ‘Doing Business As’ name nor a fictitious business name. However, if you want to have one, you make read more about DBAs here

Why are operating agreements important?

This document is vital as it ensures that all business owners are on the same page regarding how they operate, thus reducing future conflicts.

Is there anything else I should keep in mind when naming my LLC?

>Your name should have “L.L.C. or LLC” or the phrase “limited liability the business.” 
>Do not include words that could create confusion between your LLC and any government business. 
>Words like ‘bank, attorney, university’ are restricted as well. 
>Lastly, your name should distinguish from other limited liability corporations, limited partnerships, or registered limited liability partnerships.

Where can I file my LLC name?

Typically, you can file your LLC name online or by mail. Check with the state where you will set up your LLC name. Take note that the fees for business names may also vary per state.  

How can I know if my URL name is available?

As for a website and your URL name, check if your name is still available for URL use with NameCheap to see if your name is available as a web domain. Even if you don’t have plans to set up a website today, it will help if you buy a URL. Buying it can help to prevent others from getting your name; check out WPEngine, Kinsta, and GoDaddy for hosting and building your website. 

Can I mail the LLC Certificate of Formation to the Secretary of State?

No. Never mail these documents or payments to the Secretary of State directly. 

Why do I need an EIN?

The reason you might need an E.I.N. is that it would help for three reasons:
>Opening a business bank account
>Filing and managing federal and state taxes
>Hiring employees or agents

How do I get an EIN when I do not have a Social Security number?

You are not required a Social Security number when getting an EIN. You can proceed to fill out I.R.S. Form SS-4 and leave section 7b blank. You must then call the IRS at (267) 941-1099 to complete your application. Agents or employees will help you with that.

I already have an EIN for a sole proprietorship; what now? 

Note that an LLC is different from a sole proprietorship. If you already have an EIN for your sole proprietorship, the IRS will require you to get a new one when your convert to an LLC. 

Do foreign applicants need an SSN to get an EIN?

International EIN applicants do not need an SSN to get an EIN.

What is an IRS?

The IRS is the one that will issue your EIN. You can request an EIN from the IRS ONLINE or download the FORM, fill it out, and send it by mail or fax.

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