How to Dissolve an LLC in New Mexico | LLC Closing Guide

Starting a New Mexico LLC is one of the best decisions that a person can probably make if he wants to start his business, but there are some situations in which either the person cannot handle his business or want to shut it down. In such conditions, the business entity has to dissolve its LLC officially. Now to dissolve the LLC, one needs to go through three essential steps, much fewer than the steps of going through how to start an LLC.

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A compliant dissolution involves following the operating agreement created upon formation of the LLC, closing tax accounts, and filing the articles for dissolution. But before this, most people wonder why do they need to dissolve their LLC. If you also have any such questions and want to know in detail the process of dissolving your firm, you should read the following.

How to Dissolve an LLC in New Mexico

There comes a time when a business has to cease operation for some reason. As such, it is necessary to do the closure property by filling a dissolution with the states. Here are the steps:

Step 1: Use New Mexico LLC Operating Agreement As Guide

When you have started an LLC as a business entity, then there is an operating agreement that is formed. There are complete details of how the company will function and grow in that operating agreement, which acts as a comprehensive guide. But there is also a dissolution process, which is added to your agreement by the best LLC service you must have chosen. The common steps that almost every LLC follows are:-

First of all, there will be voting among the LLC members for dissolving in the dissolution meeting. If the majority is with the YES, then the process goes into legal proceedings.

  • All the dissolution votes will be noted down and recorded with the meeting minutes or a consent form.
  • After that, a formal date for dissolving the LLC will be decided.
  • The next step is counting the asset available in LLC and dividing them among the stakeholders and members accordingly.
  • After that, the business’s creditors are notified, and the debts of the business are settled.

This is a general process. However, it is strongly recommended to seek professional help to avoid any complications when it comes to terminate an LLC. Following are the top 5 best LLC service providers in the USA. All of these below-mentioned services not only help you to form your LLC but also will guide you through to dissolve it.

Step 2: Close Tax Accounts

Every action that an official business takes is legally bound to some minimum business taxes. For that, various accounts are maintained by the state government with the help of various departments. You should consider all the taxes that you have paid for your LLC’s duration and make a list of them. 

Then, you must contact all government entities and clear the amount of tax due until the date you have decided for dissolution. All the taxes must be paid in advance so that you don’t face any issues in the further process of shutting down your LLC.

Some of the common taxes that limited liability companies have to pay are:

  • unemployment insurance tax
  • employee withholding tax if the LLC has or had employees in their LLC
  • if LLC uses to sell taxable goods,, they are also liable to pay the sales and use tax

Most of these taxes are normally filed, but some departments require official paperwork, without which it is impossible for the business to close accounts. That is why the LLC owner should go through the sales tax guide and hire an accounting service. If you want to do the accounting yourself or make accounting easy, try FreshBooks or QuickBooks.

Step 3: File Articles of Dissolution

There is a list of voluntary forms that you, as an LLC owner, have to file. Once these articles are filed, the legal existence of the LLC will be over. The process of filing the articles is straightforward and is discussed below.

  • First of all, the person has to jump into the Secretary of State Website of New Mexico state.
  • In that particular SOS website, the LLC owner has to look for the Domestic LLC Articles of Dissolution page.
  • There is a form available on this page, which is basically the article of dissolution you are looking for. You have to download that pdf form and start filling it.
  • You must fill in all the important and legal information in the form, so you should be extra careful.
  • After filling in all the important information, you must choose the mode of payment you want to use to pay the LLC dissolution fees.
  • After filling in every detail, one should submit the form through email and make a payment.

The LLC you owned is dissolved, and you are free from all the liabilities linked with the LLC and its taxes. A copy of both original articles and recorded articles should be submitted in front of the probate judge. Now it’s his call that he accepts your expedited dissolutions or not.

Other Things to Note When Dissolving Your LLC

After the dissolution processes, there are some other chores that the owners of LLC need to take care of. These are as important as the process of actual dissolution. Otherwise, the name and fame earned by LLC may be ruined within seconds. These processes include tasks related to the monetary division of assets and clearing every record both legally and monetarily.

Winding Up

There are some purposes of LLC that require some attention even after dissolution, known as winding up. The task of winding up includes.

  • For a period of time, the property of business requires preservation.
  • If there is any civil case against the LLC, then one needs to prosecute them.
  • Winding up includes settling all the disputes of LLC.
  • Transferring of all the property of LLC to the names of partners.
  • Discharging of all the liabilities that the LLC owes to others.
  • Proper distribution of all the assets into members according to their percentage of partnerships.

Tax clearance

If you are dissolving your LLC in New Mexico, you are not required to obtain any tax clearance. Your task of dissolution will complete even without your tax clearances. But if you are filing the federal taxes, you should go through the final return box in your IRS form. 

The IRS form for the LLC that are classified as partnerships is 1065, and those LLC’s who have registered themselves as corporate should check IRS form number 1120.

Cost of Dissolving LLC

If you want to dissolve the LLC that is registered with New Mexico, then there is a fixed cost that you have to bear. The fees charged by the government are $25, the details which are mentioned on the second page of the articles dissolution filing form. You are given plenty of choices to make this payment.

  • You can select a payment pick-up option.
  • There is an option of direct account transfer through your prepaid accounts.
  • LLC owners can also use their Credit cards, providing their complete details and types. Along with that, an original signature is required to authorize the transaction state will make.

Why Dissolve New Mexico LLC?

A company needs proper documentation when we start it. It can be any company like an LLC or a partnership, but we will need to go through its regulations. But once someone gets a notice to dissolve an LLC in New Mexico, they will need to do it. The documents of the dissolution are necessary, and there is no way out of that. There can be a lot of reasons for this, let’s take a look at them,

  • The company owners can ask for it voluntarily if there is no income. 
  • If a member dies, it is obligatory to dissolve. 
  • If the company doesn’t have enough funds for the salaries, it is better to dissolve.
  • If the company has completed the time that was mentioned in the deed, it will be dissolved.
  • The reason can be insanity, bankruptcy, or involuntary removal of a member of the company too. 

Top Business in New Mexico!

There are plenty of businesses that make the economy of New Mexico whole. There are so many of these industries, and to get better profits, opt for the topmost sector of the state. It is all about how the person wants to start an LLC in New Mexico. With good knowledge about the work and industry, he can make a great fortune effortlessly. So here, check the top sectors of this state, 

  1. Government enterprises: There are research laboratories that the government starts in the state. There are other enterprises such as schools, hospitals, military bases, and more, which also come under this category. With the sector, the state can make a contribution of $20.82 billion to the GDP too. 
  2. Mining: The total value that this state gets for mining is 80%. They are known for mining petroleum, natural gas, coal, and others too. It is an excellent industry for the state which also establishes development in it. It also represents the GDP with a contribution of $15.07 billion it. The state of New Mexico is also known as the leading state for molybdenum. 
  3. Finance and insurance: There is nothing that a state can get if it doesn’t have a sector of finance that works for them. Everyone needs to participate in the real estate, leasing, and rental industry as it is one of the core sectors promoting growth. It represents the GDP by $14.09 billion.

New Mexico LLC Dissolution Review

Time needed: 30 minutes.

Here’s a recap of the steps you must follow when dissolving your New Mexico LLC. Click on the steps in this list if you want to read the full detail.

  1. Use New Mexico LLC Operating Agreement As Guide

    Remember that when you started, you created an operating agreement. Use this agreement as a guide in proceeding with the dissolution of your LLC.

  2. Close Tax Accounts

    Make sure you close all your tax accounts to avoid incurring further costs.

  3. File Articles of Dissolution

    File the article of dissolution to make it known your the state where your LLC operates that you are indeed no longer in business.

F.A.Qs

Is there any filing fee the LLC owner has to pay for dissolving their LLC?

Yes, there is a minimal fee of $25, which New Mexico SOS charges to dissolve the legally registered LLC and proceed with removing their name from every tax list and benefits.

Is the revenue department clearance required for dissolution?

No, there is no requirement of revenue department clearance till the time the SOS of New Mexico accepts the dissolution form.

Can someone else take the name I use for my LLC?

The name will also get deregistered with the dissolution of the LLC. But the name will not be allotted for the next 120 days. After that, if some business wants to name their LLC after the name chosen by you, then it is their choice.

Are there any financial penalties if I don’t dissolve my LLC legally and miss the reports?

If you have not dissolved your LLC, you are liable for business privilege tax, and if it is not paid on time, you are leveraged with 10% of the amount of tax or $50. After that, the additional penalties will increase by $1 per month. If it goes unpaid for a longer duration, then the chances of seizing your property can also recover the tax.

Is there any fees of the probate judge who is taking the dissolution decisions?

Yes, if you are dissolving your LLC, you have to pay some amount to the probate judge who was also present during your LLC formation in the probate office. The minimum fee of the judge is $50, which can vary. 

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