EIN Meaning – What Is Employer Identification Number?

What is an EIN? EIN or Employee Notification Number also goes by the name of FEIN or Federal Employer Identification Number, and FTIN or Federal Tax Identification Number. It is a nine-digit number assigned to every LLC business entity for tax filing and reporting purposes. The issuing government body is none other than the IRS or Internal Revenue Service of the US.

what is an EIN

Does the LLC business need an EIN?

Yes, it is mandatory for all LLC corporation businesses to obtain the EIN number sooner than later. Once you complete all the steps of forming the LLC, you can submit the EIN application to the IRS department.

Based on the business structure, the requirement for the LLC EIN number will vary. Here, we have described the three most common LLC business types and their requirements for obtaining the EIN.

Sole proprietorship

For the sole proprietorship business structure, the EIN number will not be needed if the company doesn’t have any employee or is not involved in filing the pension tax returns. But, if your sole proprietorship LLC has employees working in it, the EIN number is mandatory.

Single-member LLC

 For the single-member LLCs, you won’t have to get the EIN number in case the company is void of employees or does have the excise tax liability. But, if you have employees or are planning to have some in the future, you need to get the unique number beforehand.

Multi-member LLC

For multi-member, since you wouldn’t have the sole authority of the LLC, you need to have the EIN number for filing the partnership profit returns.

When will the IRS ask for the EIN?

Since all the taxation documents and reports are filed with the IRS, the government body will ask you about your EIN under certain circumstances. Here, we have discussed the occasions when you will have to display the number.

  • If your LLC has employees, EIN is mandatory for tax filing and business tax returns.
  • For the multi-member LLC organizations, EIN is a must draw the partnership return files.
  • EIN is also asked when the Limited Liability Companies have excise tax filings.

How to request an EIN?

Before you request the EIN, you need to complete the formation of your LLC. Once the procedures are completed, you can move onto the filing process of the EIN. For this, you need to submit all the details to the IRS, including the type of business structure, the purpose of the EIN, business formation date, and other such information pieces.

Following are the requirements you need to fulfill at the time of submitting the EIN application to the IRS:

  • According to the online application process, the form must have the taxpayer’s name, taxpayer identification number, and the social security number of the general partner, the grantor, or the principal officer.
  • The responsible party to manage all the notifications, meetings, and future procedures must be an individual for a private LLC.

Why should the LLC get the EIN?

You can enjoy several benefits once you get your EIN number. It will give your LLC business the last trump card to function on full mode without having to face any legal or judicial problem. Here are the further details of having the EIN after the formation of LLC.

Helps in filing tax returns

First of all, with the EIN number, you will be able to file the tax returns easily with the IRS. In fact, all the business finances done by your LLC will be supervised with the EIN only, and hence, this will allow you to file the taxes properly without a miss.

Needed for hiring employees

For hiring the employees, all employers will need individual EIN numbers so that their payrolls can be set up every month. As for the business EIN, IRS will need this number for tracking the employee payroll taxes.

Maintains the corporate veil

With the EIN number, the LLC members will be able to protect their personal assets in case the business has been sued, or someone has raised a lawsuit. This is what a corporate veil means, which is essential for every LLC business.

Prevent any occasion of identity theft

For operating all the taxations and finances of your LLC, you will use the EIN. This way, your social security number can be kept safe from identity theft.

Helps in opening a business bank account

Since after forming the LLC, you will have to open business accounts, you will need the EIN number for the same. Also, for getting business credits and business licenses, you will need this nine-digit unique ID.

Can I get a free EIN?

If you want your EIN sooner and that also without having to pay any type of fee, you need to sign up with the EIN assistant at IRS and follow the entire procedure for application. Only the US-based citizens can apply for the EIN number with the IRS. Also, you can only submit one application in a day. Once the entire form is filled and submitted, your EIN number will be displayed. As for applying via mail or fax, you need to download the SS-4 form and fill up the details before submission.

How to register with IRS to get the EIN?

  1. State the type of the LLC business structure to the EIN assistant as per the instructions.

  2. Enter the number of owners of the LLC and then select the state where the business is located in the applicant entity.

  3. State the reason for EIN application in the U.S. from the list.

  4. Choose the responsible party, i.e., the authorized person or the principal taxpayer officer on behalf of your business.

  5. Fill in the SSN and contact information of the responsible party and then submit the form or send the application to fax. 

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