LLC in CT – How to Form an LLC in Connecticut (5 Easy Steps)

Having an LLC in CT is a better and cheaper option than having other business structures. A limited liability company (LLC) reduces the owners’ personal liability and protects their personal assets. One can start an LLC in two ways, domestic LLCs or foreign LLCs (LLCs in more than one state). By following some basic steps, you can easily form an LLC in Connecticut.

llc in CT

How to Start an LLC in Connecticut

An LLC or a Limited Liability Company is a hybrid business entity combining a corporation’s characteristics with a partnership or sole proprietorship. It separates your personal assets from your business assets, thus giving you personal asset protection. This section gives you a step-by-step guide on how to start an LLC in Connecticut.

Step 1: Decide a Name for Your LLC

name llc

If you are to start an LLC in Connecticut, the first thing you do is decide

Deciding on a business name is the first step to start an LLC. In Connecticut, before you name your LLC, it is important to note a few things. Firstly, make sure the name is available to use. If the name is available, then check if the name complies with all the Connecticut business naming requirements. Once you pass through them, you can successfully name your business.

Why do you need a proper business name?

If you want your LLC to have special identification, your company name is essential. However, many people face many issues by avoiding focus on choosing a business name for their LLC business formation filings.

Here are some of the major benefits of choosing the best LLC names.

  • Helps establish a company’s presence in the market;
  • Creates a new identity that will resemble your LLC;
  • Allows ease in finishing your LLC registration process;
  • You can get the EIN once you have your name registration certificate 

Requirements when deciding a name for your LLC

LLC Name Search: A business name search is required to check if the desired name is available or not. If the name is available then the business owner has to fill up a name reservation form and send it to the Secretary of State, Connecticut. To do the name search, one has to visit the Business Entity Search page on the official Secretary of State website. Send the name reservation form to the below address by mail to reserve your LLC name in Connecticut. The cost of a name reservation is $60.

Important Quick Links:

Mail To:

Commercial Recording Division
Connecticut Secretary of the State
P.O. Box 150470
Hartford, CT 06115-0470.

In-person Drop-off:

Commercial Recording Division
Connecticut Secretary of the State
165 Capitol Ave., Suite 1000
Hartford, CT 06106

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Step 2: Assign a Registered Agent in Connecticut

get registered agent

A registered agent for service is your authorized person or business entity that will act or work on your behalf. This person or business will receive significant tax forms, legal documents, a notice of lawsuits, and other official government correspondence in Connecticut. Choosing a Connecticut registered agent for your LLC is required.

Make sure your registered agent has a registered business address or home address in Connecticut. Here are the recommended agents for you:

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Note that availing of the services of professional registered agents would be your best option since you are guaranteed that whoever is handling your legal affairs knows their stuff well. You will enjoy peace of mind and focus only on running your business, as the ‘professionals’ take care of all legal matters.  

These LLC formation services are recommended registered agent services as they are authorized to conduct business in Connecticut. Compare them to check the best yet cheapest option for you. Besides, they can guarantee you professional service because they have been in the business for years. 

Step 3: File Certificate of Organization in Connecticut

file formation certificate

A Certificate of Name Reservation is needed to file your Connecticut formation certificate or what is also called a Certificate of Organization, as other states call it. You need to make reports of this certificate with the Connecticut Secretary of State. It’ll cost about $120, which makes up the majority of the LLC cost in Connecticut. That is topped with other expenses, of course. 

This Certificate of Formation document is a legal form that outlines your business officially. It will indicate details about your LLC, like if it is a member-managed or managers-managed.

Before you start filing your forms, you must already have your LLC name and registered agents or employees. You will attach a copy of your Name Reservation Certificate along with a list of the services that your Connecticut LLC will offer.

How to File Online

Go to the Secretary of State Online Service for an online filing service. Fill out the online form and submit it. To know more about online filing, visit the Connecticut Certificate of Formation.

How to File by Mail

If you prefer filing real-life forms for your LLC registration, then you can download the Connecticut Limited Company Certificate of Formation. Read the forms thoroughly and fill them out. It will have to fill, among others,  your name, city, state, zip code, and signature. You may also file in person by visiting the office on business days.

Mail To:

Business Service Division, Connecticut Secretary of the State
P.O. Box 150470
Hartford, CT 06115

In-person Drop-off:
Business Service Division, Connecticut Secretary of the State
30 Trinity St.
Hartford, CT 06106

Step 4: Create Your Connecticut LLC Operating Agreement

create operating agreement

An operating agreement is an internal document that legally outlines the proprietorship and operating procedures of your Connecticut LLC. This document is vital as it ensures that all business owners in this state are on the same page regarding how they operate, thus reducing future conflicts. 

You are not required to have a comprehensive LLC operating agreement in Connecticut when starting an LLC, but it is ideal to have one that contains all the details of your business operation. This document would be useful if you decide to dissolve Connecticut LLC later.

Step 5: Filing a Connecticut LLC EIN

get an ein

The Employer Identification Number or, simply, the E.I.N. is a nine-digit number given by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to make it easier to identify types of business for tax purposes and taxes in general. It is like a Social Security number dedicated to a business’ taxes. The EIN is necessary for any active business or any form of business for that matter. 

To obtain EIN (aka FEIN) one has to fill up a form (Online or by mail) and submit it to the IRS. Before sending the form, ask for EIN Assistant. Enter details of your LLC, and finally complete the form and send it to the address given.

Mail to: Internal Revenue Service, Attn: EIN Operation, Cincinnati, OH 45999

Fax: (855) 641-6935 | Fee: Free

Note: You don’t need a Social Security number when getting an EIN. You can proceed to fill out I.R.S. Form SS-4 and leave section 7b blank. You must then call the IRS at (267) 941-1099 to complete your application. Agents or employees will help you with that.


And that’s all! Congratulation, you are now done with all the necessary steps to form your Connecticut LLC. If you still haven’t used a professional service from here, I strongly recommend having one to handle the remaining tasks.


After Starting your Connecticut LLC 

After forming your LLC, there are still some things that you will need. Take note of the following:

This page has provided you with steps to LLC formation and filing processes. You now have to remember upcoming filing deadlines and filing fees or filing costs, including fees for late filings to make sure your LLC is up-to-date.

Connecticut Foreign LLC

To register a Connecticut foreign LLC, one has to file the foreign LLC formation certificate with the Secretary of State, Connecticut. Forming a foreign LLC allows you to operate your business in more than one state in the USA as a single business entity. Check Connecticut Foreign LLC to know more about having a foreign LLC.

Why an LLC in Connecticut

Connecticut is one of those original 13 colonies in the United States. Irrespective of the type of business, Connecticut is now having more than 340,000 small companies. The state is popular for the elite and some of the wealthiest citizens residing there. 

You can either have a single-member Connecticut LLC or other types of LLCs. Many incentive programs or business funding options are available in Connecticut for entrepreneurs willing to start an LLC. 

Incentive Programs

This state offers diverse incentive programs for the new entities. The main goal of such programs is to encourage newly set up businesses. Most of these incentive programs are created and handled by the Department of Economic and Community Development. Some of the programs offer an easy loan for businesses, whereas some programs offer tax credits and other government benefits. 

Tax Exemptions

Personal & Real Property Taxes – If you have installed new machinery or equipment in your manufacturing unit, you can get a 100% tax exemption for up to 5 years. 

Corporate Business Tax Exemptions – Corporate business tax exemptions apply to both domestic and foreign LLCs. To get this facility, LLCs have to meet the requirement for qualification. Once qualified, they can get tax exemptions.

Sales and Use Tax Exemptions – LLCs can enjoy this tax exemption on every purchase of tangible personal property for their business. 

Enterprise Zone Program

There are specific locations such as Bridgeport, Meriden, Hartford, and Norwalk, with some more are called the Enterprise Zone. Anyone who started his/her business or started an LLC in any of these areas will get a tax credit facility under this program. Businesses can get up to 100% tax credit for the first 3 years and then 70% tax credit for the next 7 years (total of 10 years). 

Apart from the above-mentioned programs, the state has more programs like debt financing, investment capital tax credit, and other programs to support small and newly set up entities.

Top 3 Business Niches in Connecticut

When a businessman is thinking of starting a Connecticut LLC, they also have to check out the business options. One needs perfect planning and plotting to start a business before which it is important to find a profitable business in Connecticut. To help you out, here is a list of the best businesses to establish in Connecticut.

Finance and Insurance

Connecticut is very famous for the name of insurance capital, and the reason behind it is the insurance businesses formed in the state. The state is known to create maximum jobs for the insurance people and has the highest insurances. That is why the demand for the insurance business is still increasing, which means that a person can invest in this niche easily and make some profits.

Transportation Business

There are plenty of large-scale manufacturing businesses that have been established in Connecticut state. More than one-third of the country’s manufacturing is done in the state of Connecticut, due to which the requirement of transportation services is very high. This makes it a profitable niche to be considered to start a business in Connecticut.

Tourism and Entertainment

Tourism is very active in the state of Connecticut. Many people keep visiting the state to visit the local attraction, due to which a business person can choose tourism business. If someone has a place to rent out, then they can remodel it into some cottage. A person can think of starting a casino business which can be a very profitable niche. Many people come to the state for entertainment, which can make it very beneficial.

These are the best niches that one can choose to start a business in Connecticut. Other than these businesses, there are some small scale businesses that one can consider

  • Digital printing businesses
  • Microbrewery
  • Auto-repair services

Connecticut LLC Formation Review

Time needed: 5 minutes.

To recap, here are the easy steps again when forming an LLC in Connecticut. Click on the steps in this list to read the full detail.

  1. Name your Connecticut LLC

    The first thing you must do is to choose a company name, which should be unique, easy to find, and available in the state.
    name llc

  2. Choose a registered agent

    In Connecticut, it is mandatory to select a registered agent service for your LLC. You can check out our list of our 5 Best LLC Services in the United States.
    get registered agent

  3. File a formation certificate

    Filing a formation certificate is necessary when forming an LLC. Depending on the state, it could be called any of the following: Certificate of Formation, Articles of Organization, or Certificate of Organization.
    file formation certificate

  4. Create operating agreement

    An operating agreement is not a strict requirement but something encouraged when you start an LLC.
    create operating agreement

  5. Get an EIN

    The Employer Identification Number (EIN), also called  Federal Tax Identification Number, serves to identify a business entity like a social security number but for a company.
    get an ein

F.A.Qs

Can I file an LLC in Connecticut by myself?

If you are a resident of Connecticut, then you can file your LLC by yourself. However, it is always worth having a professional than doing it yourself to handle legal complexities, paperwork, and other documentation.

What is the cost of forming an LLC in Connecticut in a year?

Apart from the formation fee of $120 (domestic LLC) and $120 (foreign LLC), LLC costs in Connecticut include $80 for Annual Reports every year. LLCs are liable to pay sales tax of 6.35% every year.

How long does it take to get an LLC in Connecticut?

It takes 3 to 5 business days to get an LLC in CT if you file it online or via mail. With an additional fee, it can be done sooner.

How to renew my LLC in Connecticut?

Every year all the LLC have to submit an Annual Report and pay $80 to the Connecticut Secretary of State and renew the LLC. It is mandatory to renew your LLC every year.

What is the tax structure for an LLC in Connecticut?

Generally, for the LLCs, it is a default tax structure. Once you will obtain the EIN, you will get the various tax structure options to select. Sometimes LLCs choose S Corp to reduce federal tax burdens.

In Conclusion

Having an LLC is easier than other forms of business. LLCs have a ‘pass-through taxation’ advantage for which they are excluded from certain taxes. On the other side, the formation of LLCs requires less paperwork and fewer legal complexities. If you have any questions, leave a comment below.

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