West Virginia LLC – How to Form an LLC in WV (5 Easy Steps)

Having a West Virginia LLC is a better and cheaper option than having other business structures. A limited liability company (LLC) reduces the owners’ personal liability and protects their personal assets. One can start an LLC in two ways, domestic LLCs or foreign LLCs (LLCs in more than one state). By following some basic steps, you can easily form an LLC in West Virginia.

West Virginia LLC

How to Start an LLC in West Virginia

An LLC or a Limited Liability Company is a hybrid business entity combining a corporation’s characteristics with a partnership or sole proprietorship. It separates your personal assets from your business assets, thus giving you personal asset protection. This section gives you a step-by-step guide on how to start an LLC in West Virginia.

Step 1: Decide a Name for Your LLC

name llc

Deciding on a business name is the first step to start an LLC. In West Virginia, before you name your LLC, it is important to note a few things. Firstly, make sure the name is available to use. If the name is available, then check if the name complies with all the West Virginia business naming requirements. Once you pass through them, you can successfully name your business.

Why do you need a proper business name?

If you want your LLC to have special identification, your company name is essential. However, many people face lots of issues by avoiding focus on choosing a business name for their LLC business formation filings.

Because of this, here are some of the major benefits of choosing the best LLC corporate names.

  • To help establish a company’s presence in the market, a proper business entity type will help you. This also creates a new identity that will resemble your LLC.
  • After you’ve properly chosen the name for your LLC, you will have no problems finishing the registration process.
  • You can only get the EIN number when you have your name registration certificate with you.

Requirements when deciding a name for your LLC

LLC Name Search: A business name search is required to check if the desired name is available or not. If the name is available then the business owner has to fill up a name reservation form and send it to the Secretary of State, West Virginia. To do the name search, one has to visit the Business Entity Search page on the official Secretary of State website. Send the name reservation form to the below address by mail to reserve your LLC name in West Virginia. The cost of a name reservation is $15.

Important Quick Links:

Mail To:

Office of Secretary of State, One-Stop Business Center
1615 Washington Street
East Charleston, West Virginia 25311

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Step 2: Assign a Registered Agent in West Virginia

get registered agent

A registered agent, (aka. an agent for service of process or agent of the process) is a person/business entity that will act or work on your behalf. This person or business will receive significant tax forms, government filings, formation documents, legal documents, legal forms a notice of lawsuits, and other official government correspondence in West Virginia. Choosing a West Virginia registered agent for service for your LLC is required. 

Make sure your registered agents are residents of West Virginia. It could also be a business. Here are the recommended agents and employees for you:

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Note that availing of the services of professional registered agents would be your best option since you are guaranteed that whoever is handling your legal affairs knows their stuff well. You will enjoy peace of mind and focus only on running your business, as the ‘professionals’ take care of all legal matters.  

These LLC formation services are recommended registered agent services as they are authorized to conduct business in West Virginia. Compare them to check the best yet cheapest option for you. Besides, they can guarantee you professional service because they have been in the business for years. 

Step 3: File Articles of Organization in West Virginia

file formation certificate

A Certificate of Name Reservation is needed to file Articles of Organization, as other states call it. You need to make reports of this certificate with the West Virginia Secretary of State, which costs up to $100 to file. LLC cost in West Virginia includes other taxes and fees. You may file them through an online application via email address or by mail through the physical street address. 

This West Virginia Certificate of Formation is a legal document needed to form your business officially. It will indicate details about your LLC in West Virginia, like if it is a member-managed or managers-managed

Before you start filings, you must already have your LLC name and registered agents or employees. You will attach a copy of your Name Reservation Certificate along with a list of the services that your West Virginia LLC will offer.

How to File Online

Go to the Secretary of State Online Service. Select “non-subscriber.” Fill out the online form. The website will alert you if your county does not support online filings after selecting your principal county. Read more about the West Virginia Certificate of Formation for online registration.

How to File by Mail

If you prefer filing real-life forms for your West Virginia LLC registration, then you can download the West Virginia Limited Company Certificate of Formation. Read the form thoroughly and fill it out. It will have to fill, among others,  your name, city, state, zip code, and signature. 

Mail To: Martinsburg Office:
Eastern Panhandle Business Center
229 E. Martin St.
Martinsburg, WV 25401

Clarksburg Office:
North Central WV Business Center
200 W. Main St.
Clarksburg, WV 26301

Charleston Office:
One-Stop Business Center
1615 Washington St. E.
Charleston, WV 25311

Email: [email protected]

Fax: (304) 558-8381

Step 4: Create Your West Virginia LLC Operating Agreement

create operating agreement

An operating agreement is a document that legally outlines the proprietorship and operating procedures of your LLC This document is vital as it ensures that all business owners are on the same page regarding how they operate, thus reducing future conflicts. 

When it comes to an LLC operating agreement West Virginia does not require you to have a comprehensive operating agreement, but it is ideal to have one that contains all your details of business operation. This document would be useful if you decide to dissolve West Virginia LLC later.

Step 5: Filing a West Virginia LLC EIN

The Employer Identification Number or, simply, the E.I.N. is a nine-digit number given by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to make it easier to identify types of business for tax purposes and taxes in general. It is like a Social Security number dedicated to a business’ taxes. The EIN is necessary for any active business or any form of business for that matter. 

To obtain EIN (aka FEIN) one has to fill up a form (Online or by mail) and submit it to the IRS. Before sending the form, ask for EIN Assistant. Enter details of your LLC, and finally complete the form and send it to the address given.

Mail to: Internal Revenue Service, Attn: EIN Operation, Cincinnati, OH 45999

Fax: (855) 641-6935 | Fee: Free

Note: You don’t need a Social Security number when getting an EIN. You can proceed to fill out I.R.S. Form SS-4 and leave section 7b blank. You must then call the IRS at (267) 941-1099 to complete your application. Agents or employees will help you with that.


And that’s all! Congratulation, you are now done with all the necessary steps to form your West Virginia LLC. If you still haven’t used a professional service from here, I strongly recommend having one to handle the remaining tasks.


After Starting your West Virginia LLC 

After forming your LLC, there are still some things that you will need. Take note of the following:

This page has provided you with steps to LLC formation and filing processes. You now have to remember upcoming filing deadlines and filing fees or filing costs, including fees for late filings to make sure your LLC is up-to-date.

West Virginia Foreign LLC

To register a West Virginia foreign LLC, one has to file the foreign LLC formation certificate with the Secretary of State, West Virginia. Forming a foreign LLC allows you to operate your business in more than one state in the USA as a single business entity. Check West Virginia Foreign LLC to know more about having a foreign LLC.

Why an LLC in West Virginia

With a GDP of $67.83 billion, West Virginia has become one of the best places for new businesses. A recent report by the Bureau of Business and Economic Research says energy industries are the backbone of the economy. Around $3.7 billion was generated through exports in the same industry. 

Apart from that, there are several benefits like various business funding options and incentives like reducing tax liabilities the West Virginia government provides to the new LLCs and businesses. These programs are available here to encourage operation, job creation, and development of the state economy. 

Energy Incentives

The first and foremost tax incentive is available in the energy sector. Under this program, LLCs involved in such industries will receive tax credit and benefits from the West Virginia state government.

Central Appalachia Empowerment Zone

New LLCs, domestic or foreign LLCs doing business in West Virginia, may receive a tax credit or incentive. Under this program, any business will receive loan facility or tax incentives if they operate in empowerment zones. 

Opportunity Zone

In West Virginia, several locations fell under the Opportunity Zone. If a new LLC is setting up their business or operate their business in those areas, then they may receive a massive tax rebate, incentives, and so on. The program was introduced by the US Department of Treasury and Internal Revenue Services (IRS). 

Community Development Program

Under this program, several other programs such as Land & Water Conservation Funds, Small Cities Block Grant, and Neighborhood Stabilization Program are available. Under all these programs, any form of business will receive loans and funding facilities from the government. 

Tax Exemption – Sales & Use Tax

For any LLC in West Virginia, there is an exemption on Sales and Use tax. Following are the services on which the LLC will get sales tax exemption:

  • Daycare service 
  • Real property development, construction, repair, and/or decoration
  • Television or/and Radio broadcasting sales
  • Newspapers, magazines advertisements

Top Businesses in West Virginia

If you are looking forward to forming an LLC in West Virginia, then, first of all, you should know about the economy of the state. Many competing businesses contribute hugely to the state. Here is the list of businesses.

Mining Businesses

Mining businesses are the largest contributor to the GDP of West Virginia, which is around $10.68 billion. Approximately 12,556 people are working in close relation with the industry, either directly or indirectly. If you look at the products that are mined out of the fields of state, then coal is making the maximum contribution making it the second-largest coal mining state of the USA.

Apart from that, there are natural gas reserves also in the soil of the state, which helps in gaining 20% of the mining income.

Manufacturing Businesses

The chemical businesses are the most established manufacturing units in the states. It is helping out in creating 1/5th of the state’s jobs and gives 40% income to manufacturing businesses. The list of chemicals that are produced in the state are:-

  • Adhesives and plastics
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Industrial based chemicals

The total contribution of the manufacturing sector to the GDP of the state is $7.94 billion.

Agriculture

There is a golden agriculture history in the state of West Virginia. The mountain state produces agricultural income through livestock like broilers, cattle, sheep, and lambs. The crop produced the most in the state is hay, dried, and used as fodder for their own livestock.

Some people are not willing to invest so much in the business. for them, some of the small scale businesses that are working well in the state are:-

  • Reviewing website
  • Reputation management agency
  • Equipment renting 

West Virginia LLC Formation Review

Time needed: 5 minutes.

Just to recap, here are the easy steps again when forming an LLC in West Virginia. Click on the steps in this list to read the full detail.

  1. Name your West Virginia LLC

    The first thing you must do is to choose a company name, which should be unique, easy to find, and available in the state.
    name llc

  2. Choose a registered agent

    In West Virginia, it is mandatory to select a registered agent for your LLC. You can check out our list of our 5 Best LLC Services in the United States.
    get registered agent

  3. File a formation certificate

    Filing a formation certificate is necessary when forming an LLC. Depending on the state, it could be called any of the following: Certificate of Formation, Articles of Organization, or Certificate of Organization.
    file formation certificate

  4. Create operating agreement

    An operating agreement is not a strict requirement but something encouraged when you start an LLC.
    create operating agreement

  5. Get an EIN

    The Employer Identification Number (EIN), also called  Federal Tax Identification Number, serves to identify a business entity like a social security number but for a company.
    get an ein

F.A.Qs

Can I file an LLC in West Virginia by myself?

If you are a resident of West Virginia, then you can file your LLC by yourself. However, it is always worth having a professional than doing it yourself to handle legal complexities, paperwork, and other documentation.

What is the cost of forming an LLC in West Virginia in a year?

Apart from the formation fee of $100 (domestic LLC) and $150 (foreign LLC), LLC costs in West Virginia include $25 for Annual Reports every year. LLCs are liable to pay sales tax of 6% every year

How long does it take to get an LLC in West Virginia?

It takes no time to get a West Virginia LLC if you file it online. For the mail filing, it takes up to 14 business days to get an LLC.

How to renew my LLC in West Virginia?

Every year all the LLC have to submit an Annual Report and pay $25 to the West Virginia Secretary of State and renew the LLC. It is mandatory to renew your LLC every year.

What is the tax structure for an LLC in West Virginia?

Generally, for the LLCs, it is a default tax structure. Once you will obtain the EIN, you will get the various tax structure options to select. Sometimes LLCs choose S Corp to reduce federal tax burdens.

In Conclusion

Having an LLC is easier than other forms of business. LLCs have a ‘pass-through taxation’ advantage for which they are excluded from certain taxes. On the other side, the formation of LLCs requires less paperwork and fewer legal complexities. If you have any questions, leave a comment below.

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